Teachers or others interested in making their own branch of the Museums of Endangered Ocean Life, get in touch. We can help you find ways of helping kids create their own works of art and science that get posted in the museum, worldwide!

More importantly, we can help kids find ways to truly make a difference, no matter where they live. There is always something to do to make the world a better place, a healthier place, and more fun too. Fred can help put smiles on faces - faces of happier kids with new purpose in a new year!

Become a FRIEND OF FRED and help spread the word about those who help endangered species. Invite Fred to your school. He will bring lots of good information and connect you with others.

More information at

Facing Future Explained

EXTINCT means gone, pau, from all places. Example, the O'o is extinct from its former forests in Hawaii. They no longer exist.

EXTIRPATEDmeans gone from a given area. Example, Grizzly Bears were extirpated from California about 1925. They still exist.

ENDANGERED means that a species is nearing extinction unless actions are taken immediately to save them. It is usually a legal term associated with the Endangered Species Act, but because this is a political tool, it does not always reflect accurate science. Example: the Hawaiian Monk Seal is endangered and will likely become extinct.

THREATENED means that a species is likely to near extinction and become endangered unless actions are taken to protect it and its habitat. Example: Bald Eagles were threatened but have been removed from this list due to habitat protection and reductions in use of chemicals such as DDT.

SPECIES OF CONCERN: Many states have lists that include species not covered under federal protection as endangered or threatened. These may be species extirpated from the state, but present in greater numbers in neighboring areas.

Unfortunately, no reasonable approach has been worked out to list endangered habitats, the primary living space for all life forms. To many scientists, the entire Arctic is now endangered. Imagine, as Richard Ellis says, "If Australia were suddenly to disappear, don't you think we would wake up and do something?" Well, we are losing an area about the size and importance of Australia as the Arctic disappears, transforming due to climate change and taking with it the Polar Bears, Bowhead Whales, and Peoples dependent on that vast ecosystem.

Tuesday, December 22, 2009


Some species are endangered, others are in danger..........
Albatrosses like this young one, trying to fledge,
fall into the latter category.

Each morning on Pihemanu, I walked to Monk Seal Point,
swinging wide around the seals resting on the beach
and watching razorfish and 'ama 'ama pop air at the surface.
Sometimes I would swim, following wrasse and parrotfish
as the sun grew out of a turquoise sea.
The sand here is coral and shell - the volcanic rocks
lie far below the surface, buried after thousands of years
of sinking into the ocean floor. Subsiding like all Hawaiian Islands.

Baby Albatrosses go slowly too, hatching in March
and gradually sprouting feathers to replace soft down
like you see on the face of X310........

The bird you see in this photo was not banded. There are so many
birds hatched, it would seem impossible to imagine banding them all?
I did know her as an individual though, stopping by to mark her progress
each monring as I went about my study of plastic on her sands.

First day, she was at the edge of the Naupaka, probably not having
moved more than a few feet from the "nest" where she was born.
My notes for 15 June 2009 say, "An adult albatross flew by me,
knicking my arm as it flew past - Laysan Chick at beach."

She was just moving out of the bushes onto the sand.

Next day she was at the water's edge, holding her wings outstretched,
testing the wind.
She had already tested the water once
and was knocked back..........
The young birds, once fairly completely feathered, head to the water
and swim out. They don't fly out, they swim until about at the edge
of the atoll.
Then they fly.
But they must be strong enough to swim before they can fly.

I will post another photo in the series of watching this bird
all in Memory of X310
In hopes of ridding the ocean of plastics. 

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